| HISTORY OF MARINE TACTICAL ELECTRONIC WARFARE SQUADRON 1
Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 1 (VMAQ-1) traces its lineage back to Marine Composite Squadron One (VMC-1) which was activated on 15 September 1952 at Pohang (K-3), Korea, under the command of LtCol Lawrence F. Fox. Following the Korean War, VMC-1 was redeployed to MCAS Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, and re-designated as VMCJ-1 after merging with Marine Photographic Squadron One (VMJ-1).
Throughout the 1960’s and early 1970’s VMCJ-1 saw extensive service during the Vietnam Conflict, receiving numerous awards and accolades for its service. Following the Vietnam Conflict, the composite community was again reorganized and split into Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron Two (VMAQ-2) and Marine Photo-Reconnaissance Squadron Three (VMFP-3). VMAQ-2, Detachment A, flying the EA-6A, rotated with its sister detachments in support of the USS Midway Carrier Air Wing conducting operations from the Gulf of Tonkin to Korea.
Detachment A was later re-designated as detachment X-ray coincident with the United States Marine Corps’ transition from the EA-6A to the more advanced and capable EA-6B aircraft. Detachment X-ray continued its history of service, repeatedly deploying to Iwakuni, Japan as part of the unit deployment program (UDP) in support of 1st MAW. During Operation DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM, detachment X-ray was called upon to extend its normal six-month rotation to thirteen months in order to maintain a watch over the Western Pacific while other assets were directed to the Middle East.
Following Operation DESERT STORM, the criticality and shortage of electronic attack assets was finally recognized. The decision was made to reorganize VMAQ-2 detachments X-ray, Yankee, and Zulu into three separate tactical electronic warfare squadrons. While deployed to MCAS Iwakuni, Japan, VMAQ-2 detachment X-ray was commissioned as Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 1 on 1 July 1992 with the mission to conduct electronic warfare in support of Marine Forces and Joint/Combined operations.
Since its activation in 1992, VMAQ-1 has maintained the highest levels of combat efficiency. The squadron has provided tactical electronic warfare support to Marines, sister services, and allies on 15 separate deployments; 13 of which were in direct support of combat operations.
Since 1992 VMAQ-1 has received many unit awards and accolades to include nine Marine Corps Aviation Association Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron of the Year awards and eight Chief of Naval Operations Safety Awards. Additionally, the squadron received the 2011 Secretary of Defense Phoenix Award for the most outstanding maintenance within the Department of Defense.
Over the course of its long and illustrious history, from VMC-1 to VMAQ-1, this unit has flown numerous different type, model and series aircraft. However, whether flying the AD-5Q Skyraider or the EA-6B ICAP III, the character and traditions of squadron today remain true to the standards set by its predecessors.
Redesignating to Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Training Squadron 1 signifies a transition from supporting the CFACC or MAGTF commander to training aircrew in the EA-6B in order to successfully fulfill the assigned annual aircrew training requirement. VMAQT-1 is now responsible to the rest of the VMAQs to supply the required aircrew so that they can meet their mission.